Colusa County
University of California
Colusa County

Master Gardeners

 

 Science based solutions for Colusa County's gardening communities.

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April in the Garden

In the garden:

What to plant?

  • In a shady spot early in the month you can still plant pansies, violas, and primroses.
  • You can plant dahlia tubers and transplant most perennials.
  • As temperatures warm (nights consistently over 55 degrees) you can transplant tomatoes, eggplants and peppers.
  • You can still plant seeds of cilantro, radishes, beets and chard. (Cilantro will go to seed quickly as the weather warms up.)

 

Chores:

  • Fertilize shrubs and trees once this spring.
  • Watch azaleas and camellias for yellowing between the veins in the leaves. If the leaf is yellowish, apply chelated iron to the plants.
  • Trim the dead flowers but not the leaves from spring bulbs. The leaves restore the bulb; so wait to remove them until they turn yellow. Fertilize the bulbs after the bloom is finished with bone meal.
  • Apply organic mulch to all beds to keep the soil cool and enrich the soil.

 

Drought Advice

 

CONSERVE WATER

Create drought resistant soil

  1. By incorporating 2-4 inches of compost into the soil you will increase the water holding capacity of the soil.
  2. Topdressing compost around plants will reduce water needs but not up to the plant base.       Space @ the base.
  3. Mulch all exposed soil to reduce evaporation with bark, leaf litter or rocks
    Mulch

Benefit:

  • Reduced water usage

 

Grow California or Mediterranean natives

Check out the UC Arboretum All-Stars

  1. Plants thrive with little irrigation
  2. Planting in the fall allows the roots to grow without competition
  3. Irrigate until established
  4. Minimize high water use ornamentals

Benefit:

Cal Iris

  • Reduce watering
  • Reduce trimming
  • Reduce fertilizing
  • Reduce spraying

 

Minimize the Lawn

  1. The use of native groundcovers, grasses, shrubs and trees make an eye catching garden
  2. Reduce the size of the lawn and plant Tall fescue. It is a cool season grass that does well in summer. Most cool season grasses need a lot of water to look good
  3. Avoid slopes, plant a ground cover instead of lawn

Benefit:

Min lawn

  • Conserve water
  • Conserve energy
  • Conserve labor        

  

Hydrozoning

  1. By grouping plants together by water and light needs plants tend to be healthy
  2. When you group your plants together by water and light needs then you can properly water each micro-climate
  3. Use California natives

Benefit:

  • Healthy plants
  • Conserve water
  • Less pruning

 

Irrigation System

  1. Remember to change your irrigation timer seasonally. Monthly adjustments are encouraged
  2. Use an automatic controller on your irrigation system
  3. Use drip for your flower and shrub beds
  4. Replace old sprinkler heads with high efficient ones. If your system is over 10 years old check out the new sprinkler heads at your local garden center
  5. Use multiple run times if you have a lot of run-off before the timer shuts off.  For example; you should irrigate every other day for 20 minutes but after 15 minutes the water is running off the lawn. Instead run the system for 10 minutes, wait 1 hour and run for another 10 minutes. This works especially well on slopes.

Benefit:

  • Limit evaporation and run-off
  • Limit disease
  • Limit weeds

 

Irrigate according to the season

  1. Know your watering needs (Lawn water kits are available in our office)
  2. Adjust watering to the season, use chart in Lawn Watering brochure
  3. Water early
  4. Water slowly
  5. Water deeply

Benefit:

  • Appropriate watering slows plant growth
  • Promotes plant health
  • Reduces pruning and mowing
  • It is estimated that overwatering causes 85% of all landscape problems

 

Make every Drop Count                 

  1. Water wisely and slowly.
  2. Mulch is one of the quickest, easiest and most cost-effective ways to save water
  3. Repair leaks and broken sprinklers
  4. Reduce overspray areas
  5. Adjust the system frequently to the season
  6. Mulching exposed soil reduces evaporation.
  7. Prevent urban drool

Benefit:

  • Conserve water
  • Save money
  • Urban landscape water use can be reduced by 50%

 

Help your trees survive the drought

More information:

8 Smart Gardening Practices

How to save water in your garden

Keep Plantings Alive under Drought Conditions

Lawn Watering Guide for California

Lawn Watering

Rules of Thumb for Water Wise Landscape

Water Conservation checklist

Water Conservation Tips

 

Websites

California Garden Web

UC Guide to Healthy Lawns

River Friendly Landscaping

UC Davis Arboretum

UC Master Gardeners of Sacramento County

UC Master Gardeners of San Joaquin County

 

 

UC Master Gardeners of Colusa County

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The University of California Master Gardener Program provides the public with UC research-based information about home horticulture, sustainable landscape and pest management practices. The program is administered by local University of California Cooperative Extension (UCCE) county offices that are the principal outreach and public service arms of the University’s division of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

The UC Master Gardener program supports sustainable gardening practices that protect the environment, conserve natural resources, and take into consideration each gardener's lifestyle and goals.

 

What do UC Master Gardeners do?

UC Master Gardeners are trained to help residents of California become better gardeners. Using a variety of activities such as workshops, lectures, and garden hotlines these volunteers answer questions about home horticulture, sustainable landscaping, and integrated pest management using University of California research-based information.

After their training UC Master Gardeners are qualified to help the public with problems in areas such as:

  • Weed Control
  • Plant Problem Diagnosis
  • Integrated Pest Management (insect and pest control)
  • Soils, fertilizers and irrigation
  • Selecting and caring for fruit and landscape trees
  • Growing annuals, perennials and food crops
  • Lawn care
  • Vegetable Gardening
  • Plant Pathology
  • Composting

 

Each county develops programs to address local needs. Some typical activities are:

  • Using mass media to disseminate gardening information
  • Teaching workshops, or lecturing on gardening practices
  • Participating in research activities with academics within UC
  • Answering gardeners’ questions via email or helplines
  • Speaking to the public on horticultural and gardening topics
  • Manning county fair information booths
  • Consulting with gardeners to improve their landscape practices

 

Asian Citrus Psyllid

Asian Citrus Psyllid is an insect that carries a devastating disease in Citrus trees and there is no cure. The insect and disease is usually detected in home citrus first. Click here to read more about the Asian Citrus Psyllid and the Huanglongbing disease.

Click here for Spanish

 

Find us on Facebook

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Calendar

Event Name
Date
5/14/2014

Workshops

May Surprise

Saturday May 3, 8am to 4pm

Information Booth

10th and Parkhill St, Colusa

 

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Fruit Tree Care & Garden Irrigation

*Summer workshop

July 19

*Fall workshop

November 1

 

Featured Plant

Fescue

California fescue

Perennial

Medium size

California native

Fescue

 

 

Master Gardener Blog

Managing Psyllids in Landscapes

Acacia Psyllid

Psyllids are small insects that suck plant juices. Few of the over 140 native species of psyllids in California ever cause significant damage to plants. However, about 18 exotic species accidentally introduced from other countries can be pests on...

Posted on Thursday, April 24, 2014 at 9:12 AM
Tags: landscapes (1), Pest Notes (1), psyllids (1)

Trouble in the Almond Orchards

A honey bee packing pollen as it forages on almonds. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey)

Beekeepers and almond growers are concerned--and rightfully so--about the some 80,000 bee colonies that died this year in the San Joaquin Valley almond orchards. In monetary terms, that's a loss of about $180,000. But the loss isn't just financial. It...

Posted on Wednesday, April 23, 2014 at 9:21 PM
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